Mongolia

Capital: 
Ulaanbaatar
Location: 
Northern Asia, between China and Russia
Country Code: 
MN
Commodity
Area: 
Approx. 1,500,000 sq km
Coastline: 
0 km
Climate: 
desert;continental
Land Resources (terrain): 
vast semidesert and desert plains, grassy steepe, mountains in west and southwest;Gobi Desert in South Central
Natural Resource: 
oil
Natural Resource: 
coal
Natural Resource: 
copper
Natural Resource: 
molybedenum
Natural Resource: 
tungsten
Natural Resource: 
phosphates
Natural Resource: 
tin
Natural Resource: 
nickel
Natural Resource: 
zinc
Natural Resource: 
fluorspar
Natural Resource: 
gold
Natural Resource: 
silver
Total Renewable Water Resources: 
Approx. 35 cu km
Natural Hazards: 
dust storms
Natural Hazards: 
grassland fires
Natural Hazards: 
forest fires
Natural Hazards: 
drought
Natural Hazards: 
harsh winter conditions
Environmental Issues: 
limited natural fresh water resources
Environmental Issues: 
rapid urbanization
Environmental Issues: 
industrial growth
Environmental Issues: 
air pollution
Environmental Issues: 
deforestation
Environmental Issues: 
overgrazing
Environmental Issues: 
soil erosion from wind and rain
Environmental Issues: 
desertification
Electricity (Production): 
Approx. 4 Billion kWh
Electricity (Consumption): 
Approx. 3.4 Billion kWh
Electricity (Exports): 
Approx. 21 Million kWh
Electricity (Imports): 
Approx. 186 Million kWh
Oil (Production): 
Approx. 5,000 bbl/day
Oil (Consumption): 
Approx. 15,000 bbl/day
Oil (Exports): 
Approx. 5,000 bbl/day
Oil (Imports): 
0 bbl/day
Natural Gas (Production): 
0 cu m
Custom & Culture
Population: 
Approx. 3 Million
Nationality: 
Mongolian
Ethnic Groups: 
Mongol
Ethnic Groups: 
Turkic
Ethnic Groups: 
Other
Unofficial Language: 
Khalkha Mongol
Unofficial Language: 
Turkic
Unofficial Language: 
Russian
Type Of Government: 
parliamentary
Knowledge
Literacy: 
Approx. 98% Age 15+ Can Read and Write
Agricultural Products: 
wheat
Agricultural Products: 
barley
Agricultural Products: 
vegtables
Agricultural Products: 
forage crops
Agricultural Products: 
sheep
Agricultural Products: 
goats
Agricultural Products: 
cattle
Agricultural Products: 
camels
Agricultural Products: 
horses
Industrial Products: 
construction and construction materials
Industrial Products: 
mining
Industrial Products: 
oil
Industrial Products: 
food
Industrial Products: 
beverages
Industrial Products: 
processing of animal products
Industrial Products: 
cashmere
Industrial Products: 
natural fiber manufacturing
Industrial Products: 
coal
Industrial Products: 
copper
Industrial Products: 
molybdenum
Industrial Products: 
fluorspar
Industrial Products: 
tin
Industrial Products: 
tungsten
Industrial Products: 
gold
Money
National Budget (Revenue): 
Approx. $1.4 Billion
National Budget (Expenditures): 
Approx. $1.6 Billion
National Debt: 
Approx. $1.9 Billion
Stock of Money: 
Approx. $450 Million
GDP: 
Approx. $9.5 Billion
Inflation Rate: 
Approx. 4%
Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate: 
Approx. 8%
Export Value: 
Approx. $1.9 Billion
Export Product: 
copper
Export Product: 
apparel
Export Product: 
livestock
Export Product: 
animal products
Export Product: 
cashmere
Export Product: 
wool
Export Product: 
hides
Export Product: 
fluorspar
Export Product: 
other nonferrous metals
Export Product: 
coal
Export Partner: 
China
Export Partner: 
Canada
Export Partner: 
United Kingdom
Export Partner: 
Luxembourg
Export Partner: 
United States
Import Value: 
Approx. $2 Billion
Import Product: 
machinery
Import Product: 
machinery equipment
Import Product: 
fuel
Import Product: 
cars
Import Product: 
food processing
Import Product: 
industrial consumer goods
Import Product: 
chemcials
Import Product: 
building materials
Import Product: 
sugar
Import Partner: 
Russia
Import Partner: 
China
Import Partner: 
Japan
Import Partner: 
South Korea
Technology
Communication: 
Telephone
Communication: 
Raido
Communication: 
Television
Communication: 
Internet .mn
Airports: 
45
Railways: 
Approx. 1,800 km
Roadways: 
Approx. 49,000 km
Waterways: 
Approx. 600 km
Well-being
Infant Mortality: 
Approx. 40 Deaths per 1000 Births
Life Expectancy: 
Approx. 68 Years
Size Of Labor Pool: 
Approx. 1 Million
Occupation: 
agriculture: 34%
Occupation: 
industry: 5%
Occupation: 
services: 61%
Unemployment: 
Approx. 3%
Population Below Poverty Line: 
Approx. 36%