Iraq

Capital: 
Baghdad
Location: 
Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait
Country Code: 
IZ
Commodity
Area: 
Approx. 438,000 sq km
Coastline: 
Approx. 60 km
Climate: 
mostly desert;mild to cool winters with dry, hot, cloudless summers;northern mountainous regions along Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters with occasionally heavy snows that melt in early spring, sometimes causing extensive flooding in central and southern Iraq
Land Resources (terrain): 
mostly broad plains;reedy marshes along Iranian border in south with large flooded areas;mountains along borders with Iran and Turkey
Natural Resource: 
petroleum
Natural Resource: 
natural gas
Natural Resource: 
phosphates
Natural Resource: 
sulfur
Total Renewable Water Resources: 
Approx. 96 cu m
Natural Hazards: 
dust storms
Natural Hazards: 
sandstorms
Natural Hazards: 
floods
Environmental Issues: 
overnment water control projects have drained most of the inhabited marsh areas east of An Nasiriyah by drying up or diverting the feeder streams and rivers
Environmental Issues: 
a once sizable population of Marsh Arabs, who inhabited these areas for thousands of years, has been displaced
Environmental Issues: 
furthermore, the destruction of the natural habitat poses serious threats to the area's wildlife populations
Environmental Issues: 
inadequate supplies of potable water
Environmental Issues: 
air pollution
Environmental Issues: 
water pollution
Environmental Issues: 
soil degradation
Environmental Issues: 
erosion
Environmental Issues: 
desertification
Electricity (Production): 
Approx. 46 Billion kWh
Electricity (Consumption): 
Approx. 52 Billion kWh
Electricity (Exports): 
0 kWh
Electricity (Imports): 
Approx. 5.6 Billion kWh
Oil (Production): 
Aprox. 2.4 Million bbl/day
Oil (Consumption): 
Approx. 500,000 bbl/day
Oil (Exports): 
Approx. 2 Million bbl/day
Oil (Imports): 
Approx. 117,000 bbl/day
Natural Gas (Production): 
Approx. 2 Billion cu m
Natural Gas (Consumption): 
Approx. 9.5 Billion cu m
Custom & Culture
Population: 
Approx. 29 Million
Nationality: 
Iraqi
Ethnic Groups: 
Arab
Ethnic Groups: 
Kurdish
Ethnic Groups: 
Turkoman
Ethnic Groups: 
Assyrian
Ethnic Groups: 
Other
Unofficial Language: 
Arabic
Unofficial Language: 
Kurdish
Unofficial Language: 
Turkoman
Unofficial Language: 
Assyrian
Unofficial Language: 
Armenian
Type Of Government: 
parliamentary democracy
Knowledge
Literacy: 
Approx. 74% Age 15+ Can Read and Write
Agricultural Products: 
wheat
Agricultural Products: 
barley
Agricultural Products: 
rice
Agricultural Products: 
vegetables
Agricultural Products: 
dates
Agricultural Products: 
cotton
Agricultural Products: 
cattle
Agricultural Products: 
sheep
Agricultural Products: 
poultry
Industrial Products: 
petroleum
Industrial Products: 
chemicals
Industrial Products: 
textiles
Industrial Products: 
leather
Industrial Products: 
construction materials
Industrial Products: 
food processing
Industrial Products: 
ferilizer
Industrial Products: 
metal fabrication
Industrial Products: 
metal processing
Money
National Budget (Revenue): 
Approx. $53 Billion
National Budget (Expenditures): 
Approx. $72 Billion
National Debt: 
Approx. $50 Billion
Stock of Money: 
Approx. $26 Billion
GDP: 
Approx. $112 Billion
Inflation Rate: 
Approx. 7%
Commercial Bank Prime Lending Rate: 
Approx. 17%
Export Value: 
Approx. $38 Billion
Export Product: 
crude oil
Export Product: 
crude materials
Export Product: 
food
Export Product: 
live
Export Product: 
animals
Export Partner: 
United States
Export Partner: 
India
Export Partner: 
Italy
Export Partner: 
South Korea
Import Value: 
Approx. $55 Billion
Import Product: 
food
Import Product: 
machine
Import Product: 
manufactures
Import Partner: 
Syria
Import Partner: 
Turkey
Import Partner: 
United States
Import Partner: 
Jordan
Import Partner: 
China
Technology
Communication: 
Telephones
Communication: 
Television
Communication: 
Radio
Communication: 
Internet .iq
Airports: 
104
Railways: 
Approx. 2,000 km
Roadways: 
Approx. 45,000 km
Waterways: 
Approx. 5,000 km
Ports: 
Al Basrah, Khawr az Zubayr, Umm Qasr
Pipelines: 
gas: Approx. 2,500 km
Pipelines: 
"oil: Approx: 5,000 km "
Pipelines: 
"refined products: 1,600 km "
Well-being
Infant Mortality: 
Approx. 45 Deaths per 1000 Births
Life Expectancy: 
Approx. 70 Years
Infectious Disease Risk: 
Degree Of Risk: Intermediate
Food/Waterborne Diseases: 
bacterial diarrhea
Food/Waterborne Diseases: 
hepatitis A
Food/Waterborne Diseases: 
typhoid fever
Size Of Labor Pool: 
Approx. 8 Million
Occupation: 
agriculture: 22%
Occupation: 
industry: 18%
Occupation: 
services: 60%
Unemployment: 
Approx. 15%
Population Below Poverty Line: 
Approx. 25%